Abstract:We use global and local hybrid (kinetic ions and fluid electrons) simulations to investigate the conditions under which foreshock bubbles (FBs) form and how their topology changes with solar wind conditions. FBs form as a result of the interaction between solar wind discontinuities and backstreaming ion beams in the foreshock. They consist of an outer shock and its associated sheath plasma and a low density high temperature core with low magnetic field strength. The structure of FBs is determined by the angle … Show more
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.